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JAT - The Age of Exploration Chapter 18-1 Reading Guide

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
export
d.
colony
b.
mercantilism
e.
commerce
c.
import
 

 1. 

the idea that a country gains power by building a supply of gold and silver
 

 2. 

the buying and selling of goods in large amounts over long distances
 

 3. 

to sell to other countries
 

 4. 

to buy from other countries
 

 5. 

a settlement of people living in a new territory controlled by the homeland
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 6. 

The invention of the ____ and ____ by the Arabs and Chinese made European exploration possible.
a.
astrolabe, compass
c.
rudder, sail
b.
telescope, compass
d.
astrolabe, sail
 

 7. 

Europeans studied works of ____ and ____ to learn geography of the known world.
a.
Henry the Navigator, Columbus
c.
de Gama, Dias
b.
Ptolemy, al-Idrisi
d.
Cabot, Cartier
 

 8. 

____ started the slave trade in the Americas.
a.
Gold
c.
Silk
b.
Spices
d.
Sugar
 

 9. 

Mercantilism was the reason that Europeans first set up trading posts and colonies in
a.
China and Japan.
c.
Asia and North America.
b.
Africa and Asia.
d.
Africa and India.
 

 10. 

The ____ paid peasants to produce products.
a.
cottage industry
c.
mercantilism
b.
entrepreneur
d.
artisans guild
 



 
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