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Geography/First People Reading Guide 05 (30 Points)

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Encyclopedia of Arkansas History (Rivers)
Encyclopedia of Arkansas History (Lakes)
 

 1. 

Arkansas has more than  __________ miles of rivers and streams.
a.
5,000
c.
8,700
b.
6,000
d.
9,700
 

 2. 

_______________ rivers are generally recognized as passing through Arkansas or along one of its borders; more than half of Arkansas’s rivers also enter or run along the borders of other states.
a.
Thirty-three
c.
Nineteen
b.
Forty-two
d.
Twenty-two
 

 3. 

The rivers of Arkansas often provided the best means of ____________ for residents and visitors, and many cities and towns were established because of their proximity to rivers. states.
a.
irrigation
c.
transportation
b.
recreation
d.
fishing
 

 4. 

All rivers are streams, but smaller streams are often called _________ or brooks
a.
swamps
c.
bayous
b.
lakes
d.
creeks
 

 5. 

________ are also small streams, usually offshoots of a river or a lake, found in lowland and swampy areas; ________ are generally more sluggish and stagnant than rivers and creeks.
a.
swamps
c.
bayous
b.
lakes
d.
creeks
 

 6. 

Rivers are always changing, shaping and being shaped by the environment. Flood-producing storms, droughts, and even ___________ can change the course of a river.
a.
tornados
c.
natural disasters
b.
earthquakes
d.
human events
 

 7. 

Some rivers widen into lakes, especially where they have been dammed deliberately to create lakes, ____________, or generate hydroelectric power.
a.
for recreation
c.
to control flooding
b.
for fishing
d.
for water supply
 

 8. 

When Arkansas was settled by ___________ explorers and American colonists, most of their early settlements were built along rivers.
a.
French
c.
Spanish
b.
English
d.
American
 

 9. 

The McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System, dedicated in ______________, is responsible for $1 billion to $2 billion in trade transportation for Arkansas each year.
a.
1967
c.
1974
b.
1971
d.
1982
 

 10. 

In 1972, federal laws were enacted to protect the ______________, making it the nations first National River.
a.
White River
c.
Arkansas River
b.
Red River
d.
Buffalo River
 

 11. 

The state of Arkansas has more than ____________ acres of lakes. A lake is a body of water surrounded by land, usually fed and drained by one or more rivers or streams.
a.
500,000
c.
650,000
b.
600,000
d.
750,000
 

 12. 

_______________ lakes are formed when a river changes course, leaving behind lower areas in the former riverbed still filled with water.
a.
Large
c.
Small
b.
Natural
d.
Oxbow
 

 13. 

_______________ lakes are made when a basin is dug and filled with water or when a river or stream is deliberately obstructed to retain water in a lower area along the stream.
a.
Large
c.
Small
b.
Artificial
d.
Oxbow
 

 14. 

____________ lakes have been made  to control flooding of rivers and to provide a source of hydroelectric power.
a.
Large
c.
Small
b.
Artificial
d.
Oxbow
 

 15. 

Arkansas has many such oxbow lakes near the Mississippi and Arkansas rivers, the largest being __________________.
a.
Lake Chicot
c.
Beaver Lake
b.
Table Rock Lake
d.
Lake Ouchita
 



 
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